Covalent bonds and ionic bonds are two different ways of how elements bond to each other. The main difference between covalent and ionic bonds is that ionic bonds occur between two species which are electrostatically attracted towards each other, whereas covalent bonds occur covalently through the sharing of electrons between their outer shells.How do you describe an ionic bond?
ionic bond. [ī-ŏn′ĭk] A chemical bond formed between two ions with opposite charges. Ionic bonds form when one atom gives up one or more electrons to another atom. These bonds can form between a pair of atoms or between molecules and are the type of bond found in salts.How is it possible to predict if a bond is ionic or covalent?
One way to predict whether a bond is ionic or covalent is to look how far apart the two atoms forming the bonds are in the periodic table. If one atom is of the far left (Group 1 or 2) and the other is on the far right (Group 5, 6, or 7), then the atoms will have large differences in EN and will form an ionic bond.