Keyword Analysis & Research: ionic bond formation

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What is an ionic bond and how does it form?

An ionic bond forms between two ions of opposite charges. In ionic bonding, electrons transfer from one atom to another. The elements take on either a negative or positive charge.

What are ionic bonds and how are they formed?

Ionic bonds are formed when one of the two atoms that are reacting has excess electrons and transfer the electrons to the atom that is deficient in electrons. During the formation of the ionic bond, one of the reacting atoms will donate electrons and form positive ion. The other atom forms negative ion by accepting the electrons.

What are the factors influencing the formation of ionic bond?

Some of the major factors influencing the formation of ionic bond are as follows: An ionic bond is formed by the complete transference of one or more electrons from the outer energy shell (valency shell) of one atom to the outer energy shell of the other atom.

What are conditions favorable to form ionic bond?

Hence, favourable factors for ionic bond formation are as follows: (i) Low ionization enthalpy of metal atom. (ii) The two ion must be different & should possess opposite charge (iii) High electron gain enthalpy (Δ eg H) of a non-metal atom. (iv) High lattice energy of the compound formed.

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